Fujifilm enters the high-end compact camera market with its premium FinePix X10, a model that makes the style and class of the company’s X-series more affordable

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Fujifilm FinePix X10


Fujifilm FinePix X10 review


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EXR sensor

Fuji’s X10 uses the company’s EXR sensor. This is of the CMOS type, rather than the CCD type used in the F200 EXR, Fuji’s first camera to feature its EXR sensor. The colour filter array is based on the same arrangement.

The EXR CMOS array angles the photosites at 45°. The traditional Bayer arrangements in most digital cameras use an array of ‘rectangular’ red, green and blue photosites, and the nearest similar colour photosite is a width away.

The real benefit of the EXR sensor is that neighbouring pixels can be combined, and this is most apparent in the EXR modes. In high resolution (HR) mode the EXR CMOS arrangement appears to have little benefit, but on our resolution charts the X10 still resolves a good level of detail. Practically, the user can make the most of the EXR auto mode that analyses the scene and chooses the appropriate setting from any one of 99 different patterns.

The other two EXR shooting modes are wide dynamic range (DR) and high sensitivity/low noise (SN), which are best used in situations that test the camera’s capabilities. These settings are meant to boost the performance, but resolution is halved to 6 million pixels in JPEG format. This is because the sensor is effectively divided into two, with each half given a different task.

In SN mode the photosites are arranged in pairs to collect more light. Combining the data from a similarly coloured neighbouring photosite is great in low-contrast light and reduces the effect of chroma noise. DR mode ‘underexposes’ the photosites in one ‘half’, ending their exposure part-way through the total exposure time to reduce the amount of light they capture and therefore the risk of overexposure, all in one capture. Other cameras achieve an HDR-type image by combining two or more shots, which is less effective for moving subjects. In this instance, the X10 is better. Finally, HR mode produces a regular output for every photosite.

  1. 1. Introduction
  2. 2. Features
  3. 3. EXR sensor
  4. 4. Build and handling
  5. 5. White balance and colour
  6. 6. Metering
  7. 7. Noise, Resolution and Sensitivity
  8. 8. Autofocus
  9. 9. LCD, Viewfinder and Video
  10. 10. Dynamic range
  11. 11. Verdict
  12. 12. Competition
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