Dear Fen, That's not "old school", that's "new school". Old school employers wanted to know if you could do the job, not if you had a piece of paper. In other words, they formed their own opinion of your abilities, based on your work; their knowledge of their own business; and their opinion of you as a person. They is not rely on someone else's opinion, in a different field, written on a piece of paper. I fully accept what you say, that many employers today do in fact demand pieces of substantially worthless paper. But this is a result of the poisonous cult of managerism, today's substitute for actually understanding the business in which you work. Cheers, R.